The Essence of the Blockchain Technology and Cryptocurrency

essence of blockchain and cryptocurrency

In the last couple of decades, technological progress has accelerated its full-scale expansion on pretty much all spheres of human life. Every year there appears something new that can change the world and make it a little easier and more efficient. One of such inventions is the technology of blockchain and the new payment system created on its basis – cryptocurrency. In this article, we will try to explain what the blockchain technology is and why cryptocurrencies will change the world in the next 5-10 years.

Contents:
(please, click the topic to scroll down to it)

  1. The essence of the blockchain technology
  2. Cryptocurrency types and their difference from other payment systems
  3. How are coins extracted?
  4. Forecasts for the cryptocurrency market
  5. Conclusion

1. The essence of the blockchain technology

Blockchain is quite a young technology, the first application that was launched on its base was Bitcoin, thus, blockchain is often referred to as a purely transactional network. In fact, the practical application of this technology is unlimited. Now there are blockchain applications that work in the fields of logistics, medicine, law, trade, rent, etc.

In short, blockchain is a chain, which consists of a large number of blocks, where various information can be stored. Each subsequent block stores data about each previous one in an encrypted form. The uniqueness of the technology lies in the fact that the entire register of data is decentralized, and its copies are simultaneously stored on tens of thousands of computers around the world. This provides the highest level of protection from third-party interventions. The data stored in the system is almost impossible to compromise, replace or delete.

Let’s review an example of where you could introduce a blockchain system. In order to achieve full transparency in the presidential elections (parliament, senate, etc.), they can be held on blockchain. If the government of any country dares to take such a step, it will be possible to consider that these are the first 100% non-falsified elections in the history of mankind. The technological base is already there, the matter remains for the world leaders, but most likely they will not be quite happy about such prospects.

With the help of this technology, intermediaries can be removed from the chain of interaction between buyers and sellers of goods and services, which makes cooperation more profitable and effective. The technology of blockchain has a great future, many analysts compare its importance to humanity with the invention of the Internet. It will be able to fully reveal its potential in the third decade of the 21st century.

2. Cryptocurrency types and their difference from other payment systems

As it has already been mentioned above, cryptocurrencies became the first mass applications that were built on the basis of the blockchain technology. The first one was Bitcoin, but in almost 10 years since its creation, about 2500 different coins and tokens having different value and performing different functions have been released. Some coins are designed purely for making payments, others can act as the domestic currency of a certain application, the third are able to guarantee dividends from developers for their holders. Types of coins are too numerous, you can read more about them in our article.

The main difference between cryptocurrency and traditional payment services is their decentralization. That is, coins do not have a specific center that can monitor the network. All participants of the system interact on the principle of equality, where each member of the community acts as a user and as a server at the same time.

Advantages over traditional payment systems:

  • Significant reduction of the commission and time of international transfers due to the absence of intermediaries. For example, a transcontinental payment for $99 million was recently made in the Litecoin network, the commission was only 40 cents, and the transaction took 10 minutes. Within the traditional payment systems, this would require 7-10 working days, and commission fees would be at least $100k.
  • Anonymity. Digital technologies both give us freedom and take it from us. Using a MasterCard or Visa, a person stops being anonymous. If you want, you can track the entire history of his/her purchases, his/her location, etc. Some cryptocurrencies guarantee total anonymity.
  • Absence of outside intervention. Any bank can freeze its client’s funds if it sees it fit. Since cryptocurrencies do not have a single center, such intervention in the work of individual wallets is almost impossible. Of course, it all depends on the type of wallet. For example, you can freeze your account at the exchange, but if the coins are on a hardware cold wallet, no one else has access to it, except its owner.

3. How are coins extracted?

Bitcoin is often compared with precious metals, in particular gold, because they have a number of similar characteristics:

  • limited amount (a total of 21 million BTC will be released);
  • the need for extraction (mining) and the gradual increase in the complexity of this process.

Some coins (such as Bitcoin, Ethereum, Litecoin, etc.) need to be mined. Let’s discuss what kind of process it is and how it works. So, coins are awarded to the miners who installed a certain amount of computer equipment and provided it for the system’s operation. You can obtain cryptocurrency in a variety of ways, even using a PC, but you should not wait for any serious earnings in this case. Miners often use more powerful hardware, such as video cards or ASICs. The computing power of miners ensures the operation of the system and the timely conduct of transactions.

4. Forecasts for the cryptocurrency market

It is worth noting that the market is now in a phase of deep correction in comparison with its peak values, which were observed in the January this year. But even if you look at the annual chart, you can see that the assets are showing good growth (about 250%). According to the two-year chart, the growth rate of capitalization is 21760%, and so on. So do not panic like most of the media. The fact is that there are many people who invested in late November-December 2017. Their outrage is justified, they lost 70-80% of their contributions, but it is unfair to make a conclusion from this that the cryptocurrency industry is collapsing.

Many analysts predict growth for this year by 20-30 times of today’s value. In general, analyzing the cryptocurrency market is a rather difficult task, and nobody can say for sure what rate will be at the end of the year. Let’s just say, there are no fundamental reasons for the collapse. As soon as the news background improves, the market should start to grow and possibly even reach new historical highs.

5. Conclusion

Many people interpret the technology of blockchain as a transactional-only network, but this is not true. The application spheres of this technology are numerous. Cryptocurrency is only the tip of the iceberg. Analysts predict the widespread introduction of decentralized applications in the 2020s.

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LinkedIn Names “Blockchain Developer” the Top Emerging Job of 2018

LinkedIn, a social network for finding business contacts and job opportunities, has published its annual Economic Graph, where it listed top-5 emerging jobs that develop at the quickest pace among the others. It did not come as a surprise for many people that the top-1 emerging job was “blockchain developer”.

The profession of a blockchain specialist has experienced a growth by 33% during 2018. In comparison, the job that occupied the 2nd place, a machine learning engineer, grew by 12%. The rest of the top-5 are: application sales executive, machine learning specialist and professional medical representative.

The cities with the highest demand for blockchain specialists are New York, San Francisco and Atlanta, and the top industries involving such workers are IT and computer software. The salaries absolutely correspond to the popularity of the profession.

We remind you:

Facebook Is Once Again Looking for Blockchain Specialists

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A Major Exchange in UAE Is Going to Cooperate with Ripple

According to the report of the news media Reuters, a large payment company located in the United Arab Emirates, UAE Exchange, is going to collaborate with Ripple Labs and work on the cross-border payments all over Asia. The Asian market occupies a huge share of the world’s annual remittance (around 613 billion), thus, this niche is highly demanded.

The CEO of the Exchange Promoth Manghat is sure that the payment network of Ripple based on the blockchain technology will become a breakthrough on the Asian market, however, the company will proceed slowly going “fully mainstream”.

We expect to go live with Ripple by Q1, 2019 with one or two Asian banks. This is for remittances to start with, from across the globe into Asia,” he said.

We would like to remind you that Ripple Labs has recently been partnering up with multiple major businesses regarding its cross-border payment system.

South Korea Launches Remittance App Using Ripple’s Blockchain Technology For The First Time

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Hyperledger Will Add 16 New Members

The major blockchain project Hyperledger, the technologies and instruments of which are incorporated in multiple other startups all over the world, announced its future cooperation with 16 giant companies.

The list of new members includes:

  • Citi
  • Deutsche Telekom
  • Alibaba
  • etc.

The growing Hyperledger community reflects the increasing importance of open source efforts to build enterprise blockchain technologies across industries and markets,” said the CEO of Hyperledger, Brian Behlendorf.

In this way, blockchain will be promoted in the major businesses of the world, which undoubtedly means its growing popularity in almost every sphere of human activity.

We remind you:

Visa Partners with IBM to Implement Cross-Border Blockchain Payments of Hyperledger Fabric Framework

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Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates Will Release a Joint Cryptocurrency

As reported by the local news media, the Saudi Arabian Monetary Authority is cooperating with the Central Bank of UAE in order to develop their own blockchain, which will be the basis for the joint digital coin. The new currency will be used for cross-border transactions between these two states.

This is probably the first time ever that witnesses the cooperation of monetary authorities from different countries on this topic and we hope that this achievement will foster similar collaboration in our region,” said an Abu Dhabi official.

The cooperation is currently ongoing, no specific dates as to when the development will be finished have not been released so far. The innovations in the financial sector will involve only banks and institutional investors, not the regular customers.

We remind you:

Ripple Technology Will Soon Be Implemented in the Biggest Bank of Saudi Arabia

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South Korea Launches Remittance App Using Ripple’s Blockchain Technology For The First Time

One of the biggest South Korean crypto exchanges, Coinone, has presented a new web service and a remittance app called Cross. It uses RippleNet for providing faster and cheaper payment services for citizens of the Kingdom of Thailand and the Republic of the Philippines.

To release this payment service, Coinone Transfer, a subsidiary of Coinone, utilized Ripple’s blockchain technology, as well as Siam Commercial Bank (Thailand) and Cebuana Lhuillier (Philippines).

Ripple emphasized that Cross does “not rely on traditional banking rails,” i.e. comparing to other remittance options, Cross plays in an absolutely different league.

The press-release also stated that South Korean remittance services had been limited due to high fee for overseas transactions. Cross, by contrast, provides a total transaction fee of 1%. Moreover, it offers “bulletproof security” for customers.

We remind you

SWIFT Created A New Payment System To Protect Blockchain and FinTechs Provided By Ripple, JP Morgan, and Transferwise

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Samsung Galaxy 10 Will Not Have an Inbuilt Crypto Wallet

After the South Korean electronic devices giant Samsung filed three patent applications for crypto and blockchain-related software, the rumours started that the company is planning to incorporate a cold crypto wallet in one of its main upcoming releases – Samsung Galaxy 10.

Samsung’s cryptocurrency service will essentially have two parts. A cold wallet for saving cryptocurrency and a crypto wallet for transfers,” claimed a Samsung news site.

Nevertheless, the official representatives of the company shared in a private talk with the Cointelegraph that the following news were no more than speculation and gossip. Thus, we can now be sure: although, Samsung is actually researching and probably planning to incorporate crypto and blockchain into its products, there will be no crypto wallet in the phone Galaxy 10.

We remind you:

Samsung Created a Blockchain Platform for Banks

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